Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Effective Use of Menace in The Merchants Tale :: Merchants Tale Essays

Effective Use of Menace in The Merchant's Tale Geoffrey Chaucer's "The Merchant's Tale" uses menace to reinforce many of the themes within the Tale and it is present in more areas than simply Januarie. There is menacing imagery adding tension to the Tale and the way in which the Tale is written often reiterates that. Menaces comes through more than plain threat, it is evident in such ideas as Januarie's inappropriate search for a wife. The way in which Januarie bases his search for a wife on concern for his own salvation and economic interests is menacing as it is a foreboding image for the rest of the marriage. His main interest lies in what he should do to ensure he experiences Paradise both alive and dead and thus highlighting his selfish nature. The economic concerns he shows for the match not only highlight this, but also his threatening lack of emotion that he is prepared to commit to the marriage. Rather than a child, he hopes for an heir, seeing only economic opportunity in any offspring. His fiancée can hope for little love for herself or any children. The suffocating nature of Januarie's so-called love for "fresshe May" means that he is unable to think of anyone else being with her. He would wish her to be "soul as the turtle that lost hath hire make". This extreme emotion only serves to heighten the irony of the affair that ensues and the previous Biblical references to women who cheated their husbands. The uncertainty caused by the fact that even the Church bids brides "be lyk Sarra and Rebekke" adds to air of uneasiness that little can be trusted. The dramatic irony that comes with the image of "warm wex" shows the hidden power of May, that Januarie knew nothing about. He is unaware that she has equal knowledge of the usefulness of warm wax and uses it to copy the key to the garden for Damyan. The deviousness of the wife is menacing as she is almost a champion of the image that has previously been so repulsive to the reader. The references that Januarie makes to images of being bound are as menacing as his private determination that on their wedding night he "wolde hire streyne". His plan to be such a physical power in the marriage is suffocating. Not only does he want to dominate physically, but his spiritual dominance in the relationship is unfair as May's views are not considered and she speaks very little.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

A Character From Everyman Essay

Everyman is a medieval play written by an anonymous author. The central theme of the play is that when the time to leave the world is approaching, an individual may end up being betrayed by his or her family and friends, and only good deeds is important at the end. God and religion are also important aspects in this Middle Age drama, because it portrays Everyman’s progress from fear of death to a â€Å"Christian resignation that is prelude to redemption† (115). The characters in the play consist of subjects, verbs, and objects. The main character in the drama is Everyman, but the name is a representation of mankind in general. Everyman asks other characters to follow him on his journey to death. Firstly, Everyman goes to Fellowship who is his friend, but the first to forsake him by suggesting drinking or socializing with women instead of going on journey of death. Secondly, he asks his family members, Kindred and Cousin, to join him on his journey. However, Kindred and Cousin are disloyal to Everyman by reminding him of the things he has never done for them. Thirdly, Everyman refers to Goods, which are Everyman’s belongings. However, he is disappointed to find out that he cannot take his material possessions with him to his grave. Fourthly, Everyman calls upon Good Deeds. Good Deeds is unable to accompany Everyman immediately, but recommends first going and speaking to knowledge. Lastly, Everyman takes Good Deed’s advice and goes to Knowledge. Knowledge leads Everyman to Confession in order for Everyman to acknowledge his sin and be forgiven. Good Deeds rises again and Everyman asks Good Deeds, Beauty, Strength, Discretion, and Five Wits to join him on his journey to death. Although they all agree and follow him, they run away when they approach his grave except for Good Deeds. Therefore, by closing of the play the audience can conclude that Good Deeds is the only character who did not betray Everyman. In conclusion, Everyman is a medieval theater piece that teaches a lesson to the readers about the importance of life, which is that the things an individual does for others during his lifetime are what counts at the end of one’s life. Everyman first thought his family, friends, and belongings would be there when he dies, but realizes that none of that matters when life ends.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln Essay - 1646 Words

â€Å"With malice towards none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as god gives us to see the right, let us strive to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nations wounds; to care for him who shall borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphaned child-to do all which may be achieved and cherished a just and a lasting peace among ourselves, and with all other nations†-Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address (Great Documents of America 19). Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth president of the United States and perhaps one of the most hated presidents that ever served, this hatred for president Lincoln came from his options and actions regarding the nation’s conflict at the time; the Civil War, this came after the†¦show more content†¦They had hoped that with the capture of the president that the Union would release captured Confederate soldiers in exchange for the safe return of the president back to the Union ( Though his plan was ultimately foiled with General Robert E. Lee’s surrender ( At which point it became clear to Booth that the only way to avenge the South was to murder the president ( Booth, along with his coconspirators began to plan the assassination of Lincoln (Ito 30) these conspirators included; George Azterodt, Mary Surratt, David Herold, Lewis Powell, Edward Spangler, Louis Paine, Samuel Arnold, Michael O’Laughlen (Ito 30). Tho ugh many of these conspirators did not actually commit murder they were still however charged with the crime of assisting Booth in plotting the murder of both Lincoln and Secretary of State William Seward (Ito 30). During Lincoln’s second inaugural speech, which Booth attended (O’Rilley 7) Booth became so angry at Lincoln’s words of peace, reconstruction and rights for blacks he lunged at Lincoln only to be restrained by an officer Booth then claims that he had only stumbled and the officer accepted the excuse (O’Rilley 7). George Azterodt moved from Germany when he was only eight years old ( Azterodt grew up in a town called Port Tobacco, in Charles County, Maryland ( MoreRelatedThe Assassination Of Abraham Lincoln861 Words   |  4 PagesAppomattox Courthouse, one of America s greatest presidents, Abraham Lincoln, was shot and killed by a man named John Wilkes Booth. Specifically, John Wilkes Booth was an American play actor and a big sympathiser for the Confederacy. Booth was well known for his hatred towards the President and his crazy ideas and motives, which lead to the killing of Lincoln. Many conspiracies and theories today believed the assassination of Abraham Lincoln was handled by John Wilkes alone, but other conspiracies believedRead MoreThe Assassination Of Abraham Lincoln1064 Words   |  5 PagesColin Shafer Abraham Lincoln’s Assassination President Abraham Lincoln was the first United States president ever to be assassinated while in office. He was president during the Civil War and had many people that did not like him. John Wilkes Booth did not like Abraham Lincoln and was responsible for the President’s death. Abraham Lincoln was born in Harden County, Kentucky on February 12, 1809. His parents were Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln. In 1818, his mother died while he was just nine yearsRead MoreThe Assassination Of Abraham Lincoln1535 Words   |  7 PagesMichael Cardenas Ritmann History 2B October 16, 2015 The Assassination Of Abraham Lincoln On April 14, 1865 at twelve o’ clock midnight John Wilkes Booth lay in his bed at the National Hotel. Three days earlier he had attended a speech given by President Abraham Lincoln at the White House. The civil war had commenced just two days earlier and the crowd was jubilant. When Lincoln concluded his speech with the the acknowledgment of black suffrage, Booth became incensed and declared that â€Å"Now byRead MoreThe Assassination of Abraham Lincoln511 Words   |  2 PagesThe Assassination of Abraham Lincoln The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln occurred on April 15, 1865, Washington, D.C. Lincoln was watching the play â€Å"Our American Cousin† at Ford’s Theatre located in Washington D.C. John Wilkes Booth entered the theatre during the play and shot and killed President Lincoln. This tragic event changed history. President Lincoln was the President of the United States during the time of slavery. He was also the president during the Civil War. Lincoln wantedRead MoreThe Assassination Of Abraham Lincoln Essay1317 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"Sic Semper tyrannis† or â€Å"Thus always I bring death to tyrants† were the famous words of Confederate actor John Wilkes Booth after he shot President Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre. The assassination of Abraham Lincoln was a tragic event that will be forever remembered in the hearts of all American citizens. On April 20, 1999 in Littleton, Colorado, Booth’s words would make a comeback during another Am erican tragedy; Columbine high school was the setting for arguably one of the most notorious school shootingsRead MoreThe Assassination Of Abraham Lincoln Essay1342 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"Sic Semper Tyrannis† or â€Å"Thus always I bring death to tyrants† were the famous words of Confederate actor John Wilkes Booth after he shot President Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre. The assassination of Abraham Lincoln was a devastating event that will be forever remembered in the hearts of all American citizens. On April 20, 1999 in Littleton, Colorado, Booth’s words became a part of another American tragedy; Columbine high school was the setting for arguably one of the most infamous school shootingsRead MoreThe Assassination Of President Abraham Lincoln Essay983 Words   |  4 PagesOne of the most tragic moments throughout all American history in my opinion is the Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. With no surprise I am writing about certain event that oc curred leading up to, during, and after this unfortunate event. This historical event is clouded with conspiracy but I will try to avoid specifics of that particular view. Abraham Lincoln was born in a little town located within Hardin Country, Kentucky on February 12, 1809 ( HeRead MoreThe Assassination of Abraham Lincoln Essay913 Words   |  4 PagesAbraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States of America. He was elected into presidency on November 6, 1860. Many of the southern states were unsupportive of Lincoln becoming president because he had run on an anti-slavery platform. Lincoln being elected into presidency caused states such as South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas to split from the Union. In his inaugural address Lincoln proclaimed it was his duty to maintain the Union; a month laterRead MoreThe Assassination Of Abraham Lincoln1456 Words   |  6 Pagesbe the same today if Abraham Lincoln was never assassinated on the unfortunate night of April 14, 1865. His killer, John Wilkes Booth, had a strong resent for the Union that subsequently caused a drama tic shift in history. This hatred was caused by many factors, such as his background and where he grew up, his lust for power and fame, and his mental illness. John Wilkes Booth, a master assassinator and conspirator, hoped to strengthen the confederacy by killing Abraham Lincoln. However, this murderRead MoreAbraham Lincoln s Assassination Of President1176 Words   |  5 PagesAbraham Lincoln’s Assassination President Abraham Lincoln was the first United States president ever to be assassinated while in office. He was president during the Civil War and had many people that did not like him. John Wilkes Booth was one of those people and was the man responsible for the Presidents death. The following is about Abraham Lincoln, John Wilkes Booth, Booth’s plan for Lincoln, the President’s assassination, Booth’s capture and how it affected history. Abraham Lincoln was born

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Alice in Wonderland Quotes Make You Ponder About Life

Alice in Wonderland is not just any ordinary child fiction. This classic story is full of philosophy and truisms. The absurdity of the plot is enthralling, but the underlying message leaves a lasting impression. These famous Alice in Wonderland quotes throw light on important issues in a subtle way.At first, Alice in Wonderland quotes sounds quite mundane. However, if you search carefully for inner meaning, you will find these quotes rich in truisms and lifes great philosophies. These 7 Alice in Wonderland quotes explained help you get into the skin of the character with these quotes. 1. AliceThis line is the opening text of the story. Right off the bat, Lewis Carroll introduces Alice to his audience as a girl who had a highly imaginative mind, and a love for creativity. The reference of a book without pictures and conversations points to a little girl with a head full of ideas, and a heart for adventure. 2. RabbitLewis Carroll could have used an ordinary expression such as Oh! My goodness or Oh dear! However, by using an uncommon phrase such as Oh my ears and whiskers! Lewis Carroll coined a new phrase that caught the imagination of young and old alike. Also, he sets the tone for the rest of the story, where the White Rabbit, which to Alices astonishment is one of the first animal characters she encounters that can speak. The speaking White Rabbit piques the curiosity of young readers who are now hooked on to the story.   3. AliceThis phrase is as legendary as the novel itself. The fact that Lewis Carroll uses an ungrammatical expression (the comparative degree of curious should have been more curious) to facilitate his story creates a grand introduction to the plot. The term curiouser and curiouser has now become popular in the English lexicon, alluding to a world of untold imagination, where normal rules dont apply.   4. AliceLewis Carroll had an uncanny way of bringing in deep questions in the middle of seemingly innocuous situations. Alice, who goes down a rabbit hole, gets acquainted with a strange world that lay buried beneath the ground. She finds everything about this world so bizarre, that she wonders whether she is dreaming. While pondering about the illogical turn of events, Alice also wonders about who she is and what is the purpose of her life. This contextually relevant, thought-provoking question urges the reader to also question his existence and how he relates to the world he lives in. 5. AliceIn the story, Alice faces a conundrum that makes her question her own sanity and wellbeing. She is so confused and befuddled, that she no longer trusts her own judgment and is unable to even talk about herself. 6. AliceAlice encounters a strange situation where the Duchess is nursing a baby which, for some reason resembles a pig. As the story unfolds, it turns out that the baby is actually a pig and it trots off quietly from the scene. Though on the face of it, this episode seems highly bizarre, Lewis Carroll points to deeply rigid social structures and the formalities that are accepted as good social behavior. The baby and pig metaphor points to our rigid views on what we find disgusting and cute. 7. The CatThe Cheshire Cat sums it all. This is a statement that helps the reader to connect with Alices feelings as she meets the strange characters in the rabbit hole. Here are 13 famous and bizarre quotes that make Alice in Wonderland a wonderful read. As you read these quotes, ponder on them with a philosophical point of view and find yourself staring at lifes greatest mysteries. 8. The Queenï » ¿15. The King18. Alice19. The Queen

Friday, December 20, 2019

Questions On The Stopping Of A Child Tv Channel - 1524 Words

2.2 Stopping: 2.2.1 The sound /r/ changes to alveolar stop /t/ in word final position as in: 8 (a) L: fÉ ª abrat kef halÉ ªk Abrat? there-is Abrar how state-you Abrar? â€Å"How are you Abrar?† (b) L: ma-fi tjut al-zanna nothing-there is birds the-heaven â€Å"There is no Toyoor Aljanna† First, â€Å"Toyoor Aljanna† is a name of child TV channel which literally means â€Å"birds of heaven† The target word /abrar/ in 8 (a) changes to /abrat/ and /tË jur/ â€Å"Birds† in 8 (b) to /tjut/, it seems that /abrar/ changes to /abrat/ because the retroflex /r/ occurs two times in the word, Lanan pronounced one and change the second as the above example. Lana’s mother and Abrar are trying to teach Lana how to pronounce the name /abrab/ properly, but in each time she articulated as /abrat/. As for the word, /tË jur/ she might change /r/ to /t/ because of the presence of the initial emphatic /tË /. She always assimilates /tË / to /t/ in any position of the word. So it’s going to be hard to pronounce the sounds /tË / and /r/ in one word. 2.2.2 Interdental /ÃŽ ¸/ changed to stop /t/ as in: (9) L: sufi lÉ ªlÉ ª gÉ” tani look-you let-it go again â€Å"Look, it is let it go again† The target word is pronounced as /ÃŽ ¸ani/ with voiceless interdental /ÃŽ ¸/, Lanan version pronounced as /tani/ withShow MoreRelatedMass Media as an Agent of Socialisation1747 Words   |  7 Pagesbook â€Å"Interdisciplinary English† by Loretta F. Kasper, Socialization is the process in which a child learns how to behave in life and participate in a group in society. Socialization has four basic/main agents: family, school, peers and the mass media. Each one of these agents plays a role in our lives. However, in my opinion, the most important agent of socialization for the development of the child is the Mass Media. The Mass media is a significant force in modern culture. Sociologists referRead MoreEvaluation Of Handgun Safety Among The Clinic s Clients2178 Words   |  9 Pageswould take some further steps to learn more about this issue by themselves. The questionnaire method, however, may obtain an incomplete or even false result. It is highly possible that dishonesty and disguise happens when the clients answer private questions like these. What’s more, the final impact of this program that tries to facilitate the discussion of firearm safety is not substantial enough. It doesn’t offer either information of how firearm causes intentional and unintentional injury and deathRead MoreEssay on Americas New Look 2431 Words   |  10 Pagesâ€Å"Maternal pregnancy obesity influences early childhood obesity, which is perpetuates as the child ages â€Å"(Crothers, Laura M, Kehle,Bray,Theodore 787).Predicting childhood obesity at such a young age seems unrealistic. Furthermore, not o nly can childhood obesity become a factor while the mother is pregnant, but it can also have the same domino effect as the child continues to grow. While a child is young, the child cannot go to the grocery store and purchase their choice of foods. This shows how childhoodRead MoreA Comparison of Different Kinds of Advertising Essay1756 Words   |  8 Pagesjeans. The second category is for Issue advertising which promotes public welfare. It is used to raise awareness and to get donations to help people and animals. Advertising messages are disseminated through numerous and varied channels or media. In advertising the term media refers to communication vehicles such as newspapers, magazines, radio, television, sky writing by aeroplanes or helicopters, billboards, window displays, calendars, blimps, delivery trucks, wrappingRead MoreLearning At A Higher Level Is Crucial For Success Through High School And Through The Rest Of Your Life1917 Words   |  8 Pagesrecently (which were just after I first saw this advice). I never had actively used that form of reasoning before, so it was definitely a bit difficult at first. It did, though, make me feel more confident about my answers. I could first solve the questions normally, then quickly use the method above to confirm them. As I progressed through the test, it became more and more automatic and required less thinking. I believe that the approach, overall, had worked very well for me and without the adviceRead MoreMy First Day Of School2052 Words   |  9 PagesIt s funny what it s you remember as a child. I don t remember my third birthday or my first day of school, I don’t remember running around the playground or what my favorite food was. But I remember very clearly the day my cat died. It s been 10 years since, and still the most memorable memory of my childhood. My sister Riley and I were twins. We were always thinking ahead trying to think of new mischievous plans while waiting on getting into trouble. On this particular day, we had turned ourRead MoreMurder within the Family3438 Words   |  14 PagesThis essay will explore how the media shapes the formal and informal policing of child murders within the family. Through case studies, an exploration of government policies and legislation, the essay will illustrate how the media has created moral panics around stranger danger, despite the fact that major harm to children is generally caused by families and their friends. Throughout our upbringing one is taught not to speak to strangers because they are the ones who are most likely to bring harmRead MoreOffensive Advertising : Advertising, Muslims, And Consumer Behaviour9514 Words   |  39 Pageshave different perceptions of offensive advertising? What will consumers do if they find an advertisement offensive? Will they reject the product s or will they reject the brands? The following view on the literature sheds light on some of these questions. 2.2 Defining offensive advertising Waller (2005: 7) suggests that reactions of ‘embarrassment, distaste, disgust, offence or outrage from a segment of the community’ are a sign of controversial advertising. The emphasis in the above statement isRead MoreMarketing Communications Imc Plan5971 Words   |  24 Pagesas they are receiving revenue from two separate brands in the same industry. Weaknesses Within the company, Huggies values their customers and provides a membership to the Huggies Club, which provides forums, special offers and a place to ask questions for those unsure. However there have been some negative connotations within the media about the use of imported nappies from the US. There was a stage where Huggies were low on supplies, and began importing resources from the US, however this causedRead MoreMarketing Mix of Fanta6196 Words   |  25 Pagesdrop in Tamil Nadu they have made a new TV commercial with actress Simran. The theme of this ad is innovative and tells the message in a unique way. Both the Fanta brand personality, as well as Simran’s attitude gels well and comes out strongly in this piece of advertisement. DISTRIBUTION PLACE POLICY Distribution or place policy is another area where the marketing function can spend lots of time for ultimately very little return. Distribution is a major question for most organizations – manufacturers

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Compare and contrast the dramatic effectiveness of Act 3 scene 1 and Juliets soliloquy in Act 3 scene 2 Essay Example For Students

Compare and contrast the dramatic effectiveness of Act 3 scene 1 and Juliets soliloquy in Act 3 scene 2 Essay Romeo and Juliet tells the tale of two star-crossd teenage lovers who secretly fall for each other and marry. Their families, the Montagues and Capulets, have been fierce enemies for decades and even as Romeo and Juliet say their wedding vows, new violence breaks out between the clans. In the end, their love is doomed. When Romeo mistakenly believes Juliet is dead, he poisons himself. And, when Juliet discovers that he is dead, she too commits suicide. Romeo and Juliet is by far the most romantic and well known play written back in the 1590s by William Shakespeare. This Elizabethan period was a time when revenge and honour were very important to the society of the rich. It was not uncommon for marriages to be arranged for girls as young as 13 and sword duelling played a large part in seeking honour for your family. The play covers the most dramatic of feelings from the love and passion to the hate and revenge of everyday life ending in the ultimate tragedy that breaks hearts all over the world. The famous couple originated from an old Italian story more than a century before Shakespeare tackled it making it the perfect story to immortalise in writing as it contained a powerful love story. It was, therefore, set in Verona, Italy, as Shakespeare felt it belonged there and hed used the setting before for the 1594 play, Gentlemen of Verona. The title assignment will be discovered using an in-depth study of both scenes 1 and 2 in act 3 where by comparing and contrasting them, while using references from the rest of the play, it should be evident of the differences and similarities between them. Act 3 scene 1 is the turning point of the play because this is when two main characters are killed off, Mercutio and Tybalt. It makes the play instantly focus on Romeo and Juliet more by lessening the amount of characters. This is also a pivotal scene for Romeo because he gets banished, after slaying Tybalt, and taken away from his wife. If this scene hadnt happened, Romeo might have known Juliet took only a sleeping potion so maybe the tragedy could have been avoided. However due his murder he does get taken away to Mantua and so Juliet has to suffer the consequences as well as himself. They both feel the strain of being apart and even Romeos family must suffer in his absence. Yet this fight that caused his banishment could easily have been prevented if Mercutio had first listened to the instinct of his friend, Benvolio. As Act 3 scene 1 starts, Benvolio is extremely nervous as he and Mercutio are out late and he can almost foresee a fight with the Capulets as proven when he says, The day is hot and the mad blood stirring. He is predicting that something bad will happen as in the very first scene in the play when there is a big public fight between both families in the street. He uses the saying fee-simple which means that if he quarrelled as much as Mercutio, he wouldnt last long which was a warning against Mercutio and also a prophecy into what his argumentative side would get him into if he didnt control it. Lets retire is a sign of Benvolios nerves. He wants to leave the street behind yet Mercutio uses humour to deflect the whines of Benvolio. He uses six reasons as to why people would fight for instance having no other reason but because thou hast hazel eyes. It was used to calm Benvolio down and its very ingenious the way Shakespeare managed to get this across. This scene contains extreme irony as we know that Benvolio isnt a fighter so what Mercutio is really doing is winding him up. Soon after Tybalt enters the scene and this causes a great change of atmosphere which becomes much tenser, adding to the dramatic effect of this play. Tybalt and Mercutio create a lot of banter here. They insult eachother and use the same verbal abuse that was used by Tybalt in Act 1 scene 5 when he discovered Romeo in the Capulet ball. Thou art a villain and boy are two of the strongest insults used. Then a sword fight occurs between Mercutio and Tybalt and when Romeo notices this he struggles to part them both, because this scene follows the marriage between Romeo and Juliet, Tybalt is his cousin. The sword fight is powerful because of the way you can almost choreograph a stage fight and the fact that it is very exciting to watch and discover the outcome. It also means that it can give time for Mercutio to utter his last words before death which is also dramatic due to his humour during his final moments. He lightens the mood with his jokes and relaxes the audience before almost in stantly destroying the happiness with his curse on both houses. I am hurt. A plague o both your houses! The plague was repeated three times and was even said between a joke at first so no-one believed him. He makes it worse by placing all blame on the unsuspecting Romeo which makes him feel extremely guilty and also causes Romeo to change from a loving, peace-keeping character to an angry, revenge needing character. Why the devil came you between us? I was hurt under your arm the sentence that caused Romeos downfall. GCSE Coursework - Romeo and Juliet coursework EssaySoon after this she has a sudden change of mood. After being incredibly impatient and passionate she then says, Come civil Night, thou sober-suited matron all in black and learn me how to lose a wining match which is a metaphor for someone to reassure her. This brings across, to me, a slight sense of panic, also shown by her repeated use of the word come, yet she quickly conceals it. Because she says this it brings across a feeling of anxiousness and worry. She doesnt have a mother figure to turn to as even the Nurse isnt with her during the soliloquy. This is an important night as its the night that will take her from childhood to adulthood which is extremely difficult to do alone so I feel for her and am surprised by how mature she is acting for a 13 year old girl. Hood my unmanned blood, bating in my cheeks this is a description of a blush. She becomes embarrassed and a little shy about the whole idea as the next line is a reass urance to herself, till strange love grow bold as though she is acting as a mother-figure to herself. As that is showing her inexperience, she hopes she will improve in time. She states earlier they are a pair of stainless maidenhoods which means neither have done this before which could explain Juliets many different emotions during this monologue. After this Juliet finds herself thinking about Romeo and really makes him seem like a God. This is the hyperbole Shakespeare uses for this scene. She compares him to be the white snow on a ravens back which is a sign of innocence making it dramatic irony as it hasnt been long since Romeo murdered Tybalt but obviously this isnt known to Juliet. She really exaggerates his qualities and this is evident when she says when I shall die take him and cut him out in little stars and he will make the face of heaven so fine. This quote is however is also quite sad and ironic as she does die soon after and so does Romeo. She is unbelievably overwhelmed by love in this paragraph and seems to put Romeo on a pedestal high above anyone else in the world. Its not long before she is changing her feeling again but this time to apprehension and repeated emotions of impatience, expressed with words like tedious. She uses a strong metaphor of having bought the mansion of love, but not possessed it which is her explaining how she has married her love but hasnt yet enjoyed the consummation. I find this appearance of the physical aspect of marriage immature as they have more important relationship issues to deal with as they barely know eachother yet this is a 21st century look on the idea and this concept was seen as standard in the 16th century. However this is all forgotten when she reminds us that she is only young by talking of an impatient child that hath new robes and may not wear them. Referring to a child makes us realize that Juliet herself is only 13 and dealing alone with adulthood. The audience to this scene would feel great pity for Juliet and they would feel totally sympathetic towards them, unlike Romeo for which they would be unimpressed by his actions. I cant help but find this scene extremely powerful and I couldnt even begin to imagine myself in her position. As I hope to have proven, these two scenes could not include more differences. Act 3 scene 1 is a fast paced scene of action whereas the following scene is slower and creates intimacy rather than hate and anger, however, they both contain the same amount of effectiveness. The similarity they share is the irony used. Humour and changes of atmosphere and mood are used well in both scenes. Shakespeare was clever in using all the dramatic devices that he did in one play without exaggerating it too much. From murders to marriages and from love to hate, this play is full of all the effectiveness needed.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Leadership Styles and Organizational Citizenship Behavior

Question: Discuss about the Leadership Styles and Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Answer: Introduction: A particular team can never reach the peak of success without having a contribution of an efficient leader. A leader with proper guidance tends to direct the team properly so that the team members can meet the goal. Giltinane (2013) opined that an appropriate leadership style plays an important role to motivate the employees for performing well towards their own team. Leadership style is classified into different categories that include participative form of leadership style, autocratic form of leadership style and transformational form of leadership form of leadership. This particular study has provided three scenarios based on three different situations. The scenarios have been presented in such a way that leaders had to choose different form of leadership style based on the work situation. As emphasized by Du et al. (2013), every leader should maintain a basic principle while providing a proper guidance to the team members. Frequent change of leadership style may demolish the perf ormance of the team members. Frankel Pgcms (2017) has firmly denied the point of view of previous scholar. This particular author has opined that with the advancement of technology the needs and demands of the people are changing gradually. Therefore, leaders have to change their form of leadership style as per situation. This particular study has provided an in-depth overview on how appropriate form of leadership style has a major impact on the performance of a specific team. Lian Tui (2012) opined that many eminent scholars have expressed their own point of view regarding this specific topic. With the help of an effective critical analysis the study has focused to highlight the advantages and disadvantages of having an appropriate leader within a team. The leaders have to face innumerable challenges while directing the team members as the members belong to diverse cultures and backgrounds. The existence of an efficient leader within the team has both the positive and negative impact. This particular study is based on three different scenarios. In every scenario it has been observed lea ders have changed their leadership style in different situations. In the first scenario, the leadership style of a CEO in a specific company has been highlighted. The case scenario implies that CEO while taking any kind of business decision regarding the further business progress tends to follow autocratic form of leadership. Autocratic form of leadership implies that the decision of the managerial head is considered as supreme. Merchant (2012) stated that employees do not get enough scope to express their point of views regarding the business goal. The CEO tends to impose their decision on team members. On many cases it has been observed that team members have lost their enthusiasm for performing well for the team members. This kind of form of leadership style is very much important for the CEO before implementing business strategy (Mller, Geraldi Turner, 2012). On the other hand, it has been observed that every business organization faces sudden crisis while running the entire business process. At this specific time, the CEO prefers to change th eir leadership style from autocratic to participative. Suanj and Jakopec (2012) stated that participative form of leadership style involves both the employers and the employees equally towards the business process. This particular leadership style implies that employees can share their point of view regarding the success of business. While facing any kind of business crisis CEO needs to take collective decision by involving the managers as well as organizational employees. As a result, employees as well show their enthusiastic attitude for providing superior quality of services to the customers (Clarke, 2013). At the same time, the transformational form of leadership style enables that the CEO to work with the subordinate. By following transformational form of leadership style the CEO can focus on three major factors primarily. Zhu et al. (2013) opined that the facts include inspiring intent, conversation for fulfillment, authentic demeanor, accountable environment and structural integrity. The second scenario has provided detailed overview on how an efficient sport coach has followed several kinds of leadership style in various situations. Whenever a coach remains within the field and guides the players towards proper direction, the employees like to follow autocratic form of leadership style at the workplace. The players have to maintain all the instructions of coach at the play ground. Ng and Sears (2012) opined that in the play ground the players have to be very much focused towards reaching the goal. In this kind of situation the leader should not allow the players to express their own opinion due to avoid any kind of communication barrier, psychological barrier and cultural barrier. Coach should be very much strict in own decision with the help of which the individual can maintain a discipline at the ground (Lam and O'Higgins, 2012). On the other hand, the coach can implement trait leadership theory as well. Trait leadership theory enables the leader to make an ef fective interpersonal communication. Interpersonal communication is the systematic method with the help of which both the sender and the receiver can receive immediate feedback with each other. On the other hand, by maintaining face to face communication the players can express their internal problem that they are facing while surviving within the team. This kind of interpersonal communication helps both the players and the coach to maintain healthy team environment. On the other hand, when a coach is out of the field this particular individual tend to follow democratic form of leadership style. Moriano et al. (2014) the coach by involving all the responsible team mates tends to conduct an effective group session. This particular group session helps the individuals to share their collective opinion. Players are free to express own point of view. On the other hand, based on the opinion the coach gives the players necessary feedback. A specific team is endowed with players from different geographical boundaries and cultural attributes. Therefore, while working on the play ground the players have faced innumerable challenges in communication with each other. In this kind of situation, the overall unity and strength of a specific team is highly destroyed. Therefore, the primary responsibility of an ideal sport coach is to arrange group discussion session by following democratic form of leadership style so that every individual player can communicate with each other. The third scenario has depicted a clear vista on how an efficient leader should behave while the individual will be will stay in a battle field. In order to direct fighters in a battle field the role of an efficient leader is most prominent. A leader should have a proper skill of decision making while the person will be within battle field. Otherwise, any kind of delay in taking the proper decision can demolish the entire consequence. In this kind of situation, the leaders tend to choose autocratic form of leadership style. With the help of autocratic form of leadership style the leader does not have to wait for taking collective decision. As a result, the leader has to take the entire responsibility. On the other hand, when the leader would be out of the battle field the entire scenario is completely different. The leaders can wait for the decision of their team members. Participative form of leadership style can be followed at that particular time. By following the participative leadership styles both the team members and the leader can be involved within business process. Therefore, the leaders get the scope to receive necessary suggestions from the team members on how to win the battle field. As a result, internal communication among the team becomes stronger. This specific scenario has depicted a vast vista on how the leaders of a particular battle field have to face different kinds of unexpected situation at the battle ground. Based on the situation, the leaders have to change their form of leadership style as well. Whenever, an efficient leader prefers to change the leadership style instantly at the spot due to the sudden change of situation, it is called transformational leadership style. Only experienced leaders can use transformational leadership style at the workplace. Conclusion: This particular study has provided in-depth analysis on how leadership style implies a major significance for leading a team towards the business target. The entire study has made critical analysis on three different scenarios. One specific scenario is based on the leadership style of an existing CEO associated with a particular business organization. The second scenario depicts the portraiture of the role of sport coach in inspiring the team members as an efficient leader. The third scenario depicts the detailed overview on how the leader should deal with the situation in the battle field as an efficient leader and decision maker. After evaluating the three scenarios it has been observed that leaders play an important role in everywhere in their own way. While taking a business decision the CEO can take effective communication with the employees to take a collective decision. On the other hand, the situation of a battle field is completely different. The leaders do not have that much time to involve the team for taking participative decision at the battle ground. Therefore, the success of battle is highly dependent on the leader. Similarly, while playing on the ground, the sport coach does not have sufficient time to make collective decision. Therefore, the leaders when staying out of the field tend to implement participative leadership style at the workplace. Reference List: Clarke, S. (2013). Safety leadership: A meta?analytic review of transformational and transactional leadership styles as antecedents of safety behaviours.Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology,86(1), 22-49. 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